Fabric Glossary



Synthetic suede-look fabric made of polyurethane foam and polyester microfiber.  The appearance and hand of Ultrasuede are similar to sheep suede.

Unbleached Muslin:

Woven cotton fabric in which the fiber is left the natural color.  Unbleached muslin is a lightweight fabric suitable for pattern slopers and for crafts such as stuffed animals, aprons, and tote bags.   It is available in several different widths and is used for stage and photo studio backdrops because it can be painted.  This fabric is also popular for the backs of quilts and comes in a 125” width ideal for quilts.  Also see “Muslin” and “Roc-lon muslin”.  

Upholstery Adhesive:

A spray glue which is used in many upholstery applications. Adhesive is used when sewing, stapling, brads, or nails cannot be used to attach certain parts of an upholstery project. Upholstery adhesive can be used to adhere foam to foam and foam to fabric.   CFC-free Clearco 444 is a high quality adhesive which forms a strong bond.  It allows a soft pliable bond because it sprays in a “web” pattern which completely covers the area and does not soak in excessively.

Upholstery Foam:

Cushion foam used for the seats and backs of upholstered furniture and to pad chair and sofa arms and other parts of furniture.  Upholstery foam is available in several thicknesses, ranging from thin 1” sheets used to pad arms up to 6” thick pieces used for the thickest cushion seats.  It is also available in high and low density sheets; high density foam provides  support without sagging and is used for furniture that will receive high use, while low density foam is used for areas that will not have much use.  Foam is also available in quick drying varieties for outdoor use.

Upholstery Supplies:

Materials and tools used for upholstering furniture.   Upholstery materials include upholstery fabric and foam, brads, nails, staples or tacks, upholstery batting, and upholstery adhesive.  Tools for upholstering include an upholstery hammer, a web stretcher, combination ripping tool and tack puller, stapler, pliers, and heavy duty shears, along with upholstery sewing needles.  Upholstery supplies can be purchased at one convenient place, such as Online Fabric Store. O.S. Osborne, the leading manufacturer of upholstery tools offers upholstery starter kits, with all the basic tools, plus an instruction booklet included.

Used Burlap Bags:

Burlap sacks which have been used to store coffee beans, potatoes, feed, or grain.   Coffee sacks, feed sacks, and potato sacks generally have a company logo stamped on them and can be interesting conversation starters when used in crafts, such as pillows, wall hangings, and basket liners.  Used burlap bags retain the aroma of what has been stored in them, along with a distinct burlap smell.  Many people find that this adds to the bags' country charm, but it can be washed out if it is unpleasant.

Used Burlap Coffee Bags:

Burlap sacks used to ship coffee beans.  Used burlap coffee bags have actually been used to ship coffee beans and they retain the aroma of coffee along with the smell of jute, the plant fiber used to weave burlap. The order of coffee can be washed out if desired.   These cloth bags have coffee company logos screenprinted on them and they can be used to make unique rustic craft items.  Totes, re-useable grocery bags, wall hangings, and basket linings are just some of the projects that can be made with coffee sacks.

Used Coffee Sacks:

Cloth bags which have been used to ship coffee beans; they have interesting company logos screenprinted on them and are generally made of burlap or sisal.  Bags sold as used coffee sacks have actually been used to transport coffee beans and so have a rich coffee aroma.  Many people who make crafts out these bags enjoy the aroma, but it can be washed out if it is not wanted.   Re-useable grocery bags, wall hangings, basket linings, and tote bags are among the craft items which a can be made with these used bags.