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How To Make a Roman Shade

Roman shades give windows a clean look that goes well with many styles from traditional to modern. There are many ways to make roman shades. With the method shown here, there’s minimal stitching visible on the front. If you’re going to be raising and lowering the shade a lot, it’s worth using a cord lock and pulleys so it operates smoothly.

Hot to Make a Roman Shade
Materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Materials
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Instructions
Step 1: Measure & cut the materials

Cut the 1 x 2 or a board of a similar size so it will fit inside the window frame. This will be the finished width of the roman shade. I also painted the wood to match my trim, but you could leave it unfinished or wrap it in the lining fabric instead.

The dowels should be 1” shorter than the board. These are 3/8” dowels, but 5/16” work well too.

The bottom of the shade needs to be weighted so it can be lowered easily. Use a thicker dowel, a slat of wood, or a metal rod cut to the same width as the dowels.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials

Cut the drapery fabric to be 3” wider than the finished width of the roman shade and 5” longer. My shade will be 37” wide and 44” tall when finished, so I’m cutting the drapery fabric to be 40” x 49”.

Cut the drapery lining 1” shorter than the finished width and the same height as the drapery fabric.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
How to Make a Roman Shade - Measure & cut the materials
Step 2: Sew the fabric together

With right sides facing, pin one side of the drapery fabric and lining together. Sew down the length with ½” seam allowance.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together

Line up the other side, pin, and sew.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together

Center the lining on the back so that there’s an inch of the drapery fabric on either side and pin the bottom. Sew across again with ½” seam allowance.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together

Center the drapery lining again on the top and pin down the sides.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew the fabric together
Step 3: Calculate the spacing of the dowels

Next, figure out the spacing for the dowels. This will differ based on the height of your window, but generally 8 -12” between the dowels works well. The amount below the bottom dowel should be half of the distance between dowels plus 1”. The amount above the top dowel isn’t as important, but it should be at least as much as the spacing between dowels.

My window is 44” high, so I decided to space out the dowels 9”, which leaves 5.5” at the bottom and 11.5” at the top.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels

With the wrong side of the drapery fabric facing up, measure up from the bottom for the location of the first dowel. After the dowels are added, the bottom will be hemmed up 2.5”, so add that amount to the bottom plus the seam allowance. For me that’s a total of 8.5”. Measure and mark the distance for the rest of the dowels. Fold the fabric in half and mark the other side as well.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Calculate the spacing of the dowels
Step 4: Make pockets for the dowels

To make pockets for the dowels, cut 2” strips of the lining that are the width of your shade. Cut enough for each dowel. Fold the pieces in half and iron. Then sew the raw edges together with a ¼” seam allowance.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Take the stitch witchery and lay it on top of the strip. With the iron on the steam setting, hold it above the stitch witchery so it melts slightly and sticks to the fabric.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Extend the markings for the dowels to the edges. Lay the strip across the fabric so the area between the fold and seam is centered on the markings. You can use a straight edge to straighten the strip before pinning it in a couple of places.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Iron to bond the stitch witchery to the fabric. Repeat for the rest of the strips.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Next, insert the dowels.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Remove the pins, clip the bottom corners, and turn the shade right side out. Starting with the bottom, carefully pull the dowels up through the top opening.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels

Poke out the corners and iron the edges.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
How to Make a Roman Shade - Make pockets for the dowels
Step 5: Hem the bottom

Fold the bottom up 2.5”, and iron. You can sew across with a regular straight stitch, but if you don’t want the thread to be visible on the front, use the blind hem stitch on your machine if possible. Pin so that the sharp ends are facing down and the other end is overhanging the edge. Fold the hem under so the end of the fabric is showing about ¼”.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom

Attach the blind hem foot, which has an extra dividing piece to guide the fabric. Position the fabric so the fold is against the left side of the guide. Find the blind hem stitch on your machine. There may be several variations. I’m using #11 on this machine.

When you start sewing, it will stitch on the right side for a number of stitches and then jump over to the left side for one stitch. This way most of the stitches will be hidden on the back and the few that are on the front won’t be noticeable as long as the thread matches.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
How to Make a Roman Shade - Hem the bottom
Step 6: Sew on the rings & insert the dowel

Next I’m going to sew on the rings that will guide the cord. There will be a ring near the ends of each dowel. You’ll need to leave enough room on the edges so the last cord can go through the pulley and cord lock, if you’re using them.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod

Put the pulley and cord lock together so they share a screw hole. Measure from the where the cord will come up through the pulley to the end of the cord lock base. This is 2.5” for me, so mark this distance from the edge of the shade on both sides.

For most width shades, you’ll also need a ring in the center, so mark that. Repeat this for all the dowels.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod

Thread a hand stitching needle and go through the lining fabric and ring a couple of times. Then you’ll want to attach the ring to the dowel and drapery fabric, not just the lining. Bring the needle out the front and back in on the other side of the dowel, then through the ring.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod

Go around the dowel like this once more. Tie it off and repeat for the rest of the rings.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod

Sew the sides of the hem either by machine or by hand. Leave a small opening at the top of one of the sides. Slide the metal rod or heavier piece of wood through the gap and finish stitching.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
How to Make a Roman Shade - Sew on the rings & insert the rod
Step 7: Attach the board

Next, attach the mechanisms to the bottom of the board. Place the board near the top dowel and mark where the rings are. Position the first pulley so the cord will come through where the mark is, which is a little off the center of the pulley. Mark where the screws will go and repeat for the middle pulley.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board

Place the cord lock at the end of the board. Make sure it’s facing the right direction. On this lock, the straight side should be facing in. Mark the holes, then place the final pulley so it’s overlapping the cord lock and mark.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board

Drill pilot holes at each of the marks. Also drill all the way through the board in at least 2 places. This is where you will attach it to the window later.

Screw all the pulleys and the cord lock to the board.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board

Measure up from the bottom of the shade and mark the height of the window. Line up the top of the board with the marks. Wrap the fabric around to the back and staple it to the board.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board

Cut off any extra fabric and hammer any staples that didn’t go in all the way.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
How to Make a Roman Shade - Attach the board
Step 8: Thread the cord

Starting at the bottom of the shade at the opposite end from the cord lock, string the cord up through the rings and across through the pulleys. Pull enough cord through so there’s a couple of extra feet after the cord lock. Cut and tie the cord to the bottom ring.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord

Repeat for the middle rings and the rings at the other side. Now there’s 2 cords running through the 2nd pulley and 3 through the pulley next to the cord lock.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord

On the cord lock, the cords will go between the attached roller and the loose roller. Tilt the cord lock so the loose roller is away from the other, creating a gap.

Thread one cord through the gap and through one of the slots at the bottom. Do the same for the other cords so they each go through a different slot.

 

How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord

Trim the cord to a length that you will be able to comfortably reach once installed. You can either knot the ends together or use a pull end. You can also use a cord condenser to combine the 3 cords into 1.

Screw the board to the window frame and the roman shade is complete!

You may have to train the fabric to create neat folds the first couple of times you raise it. After that, you’ll have a professional looking custom roman shade.

How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Thread the cord
How to Make a Roman Shade - Finished
How to Make a Roman Shade - Finished
How to Make a Roman Shade - Finished