Rit All-Purpose Fabric Dye Product Guide

With Rit All-Purpose Dye you can dye fabrics containing natural fibers, like cotton, linen, wool, or silk, and also rayon and nylon. It comes in a variety of colors that you can mix to get an infinite amount of colors.

If you want to dye polyester and other synthetic fibers, use Rit DyeMore Synthetic Fiber Dye. Read our article on fabric dye for more information about the dyes we carry. Browse all Rit dyes here.

Fabrics with different fiber contents will not dye the same. We tried dyeing 24 samples of fabric to see how each takes the dye, including cotton, poly/cotton blends, silk, nylon, linen, rayon, jute, and wool.

See the video and written instructions below, and don’t miss our detailed assessment of how each type of fabric dyed at the end of this article.

How to Use Rit All-Purpose Dye

As a general guideline, for every pound of fabric, use ½ bottle of liquid dye or 1 package of powder dye in 3 gallons of water. To get dark or saturated colors, double the amount of dye.

Pre-wash the fabric to remove any finishes so the dye will absorb better.

Use enough water so the material can move freely. The hotter the water, the better, so use really hot tap water or heat the water until it’s almost boiling. From here you can use the stovetop method where you keep the dye bath on a low simmer throughout, which will get the darkest, richest colors. Or you can dye in a container or a stainless steel sink.

Wear gloves whenever handling the dye and cover any surfaces that need protection before starting.

I’m dyeing the samples in 2 batches because some of the fabric dyes better with salt added and some likes vinegar instead. Shake the dye well and add it to the water. I’m using about ½ a cup in each batch to get a very saturated purple.

You can test out the color by dipping a piece of paper towel in the dye bath. Add more dye or more water if needed.

Add salt to the dye bath for cotton, linen, and rayon fabrics. Add vinegar for silk, wool, and nylon fabrics.

I’m adding about half a cup of each, but add more for larger projects. Stir well.

Put the already wet fabric in the dye bath.

Stir continuously for about 30 minutes. Take it out sooner for lighter colors or leave it longer for darker colors. Make sure the dye is getting to all parts of the fabric so it won’t be splotchy.

When your fabric reaches your desired color remove it from the dye bath. Keep in mind, fabric looks darker when wet.

We suggest using Rit Color Stay Fixative before rinsing to increase color retention and reduce bleeding. This is very effective on natural fibers, but won’t make a difference on nylon fabrics.

For small projects you can spray the fixative directly on the fabric until saturated, or for larger items, mix it in a water bath according to the instructions on the bottle. Let sit for 20 minutes.

Rinse with warm water, then cooler water, until it runs clear.

Finally, hand wash or machine wash with warm water and hang to dry or tumble dry with an old towel.

Here’s a couple more tips for dyeing:

Dry clean only and fabrics that can’t withstand heat shouldn’t be dyed, but if you want to try, test out a small piece first.

Keep in mind most clothing is made with polyester thread which won’t dye with Rit All-Purpose Dye.

Dyeing white fabric has the best results. You can dye other colors, but the original color will affect the outcome. You can use Rit Color Remover first to get rid of as much color as possible.

The Results

The fabrics ended up dyeing a range of colors. These differences are mainly due to the different fiber contents.

100% Cotton

Dyed with Salt

Whether muslin is bleached or the natural unbleached color may make a difference for light colors, but for dark colors like this purple, it isn’t noticeable.

Similarly, with light colors you may be able to see the dark specs in natural canvas, but not for darker colors. This canvas is pretty thick and dyed a little darker than the muslin.

Scrim has a very loose weave but dyed as well as the other cottons.

Chintz has a shiny surface that dyed a little lighter. It still has a sheen but doesn’t appear quite as shiny as before it was dyed.

Broadcloth & Cotton Blends

Dyed with Salt

The amount of polyester in a fabric affects the darkness of the color. Here we have 3 broadcloth fabrics with varying amounts of polyester. The 100% cotton Kona broadcloth dyed very dark (darker than the cotton muslin of a similar weight), the 65% poly broadcloth dyed a light-medium color, and the 80% polyester is very light. Note that the poly cotton broadcloths aren’t a solid color because the cotton and polyester fibers aren’t smoothly and evenly blended.

Cotton jersey has a bit of spandex in it, but that didn’t make a difference in the color. You generally won’t see a difference in fabrics with a more than 90% cotton content. The raw edges of jersey tend to roll, so just be aware of this because the edges may not dye evenly.

Nylon

Dyed with vinegar

The nylon fabrics definitely have a bluer hue than all the others. The coated nylon oxford fabric dyed a medium purple, but the other side that has a water resistant coating dyed much lighter.

We also tried dyeing the stretch lace, crystal organza, and glitz sequins with the Rit DyeMore Synthetic Fiber Dye with quite different results.

The stretch lace and crystal organza dyed better with this Rit All-Purpose Dye. The colors are definitely more saturated. This could vary by color and the length of time the fabric is left in the dye. Nylon dyes very quickly and darkly with Rit DyeMore.

The crystal organza seemed to lose a lot of its sparkle with the Dit DyeMore, but here it turned out just as sparkly as before it was dyed.

The glitz sequins definitely turned out better with Rit DyeMore. Although the sequins didn’t dye a dark color with the DyeMore, they didn’t dye at all in the Rit All-Purpose Dye. The backing dyed darkly with both dyes.

Silk

Dyed with Vinegar

The silks dyed more muted colors and also a bluer hue of purple. The silk chiffon dyed well and is darker than it looks in the photo when you layer it.

The silk organza interestingly doesn’t look purple. It looks closer to black when layered. It’s possible that if less dye were used, it may have appeared more purple. Other colors will get different results.

The silk habutae dyed pretty well, but the silk shantung got wrinkles in the hot water that weren’t easily ironed out. These wrinkles may have caused it to dye a little unevenly.

Linen

Dyed with Salt

The linen dyed just as well as the cotton to a nice rich purple.

Rayon

Dyed with Salt

Rayon is a semi-synthetic fiber. The material is actually a natural cellulose (like wood pulp) that’s just created with a more synthetic process. The 100% rayon fabric dyed to the same color as cotton and linen.

Wool

Dyed with vinegar

The 100% wool felt also dyed much bluer than the cotton, linen, and rayon fabrics. You can see the difference with the rayon/wool blend felt. A slight variation in hue can be seen in the blended wool because of the different fibers. They both dyed darkly.

Jute

Dyed with Salt

Since jute is also a natural fiber, the burlap dyed nicely as well. The natural color of jute is fairly dark, so light and medium colors will be affected. There isn’t a noticeable difference between the natural and white burlap with this dark color. The hue of the purple is more blue than that of the cotton, linen, and rayon fabrics.

Polyester

I threw in a 100% polyester fabric just to see what would happen. This gabardine did actually dye a little to a light pink color but this may fade with more washes.

I also want to note that when I ironed the samples after they were dry, many of them turned a warmer shade of purple and appeared to stay that hue even when cooled. This purple is the only color I’ve noticed changing when ironed.

As with other dyes, it’s hard to know exactly how the color will turn out because there’s many variables like amount of dye, time in the dye bath, the temperature, and the type of material. We suggest testing small pieces of fabric, if possible, to figure out what combination of variables will produce the results you want.

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Questions & Comments

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Hi, Can I dye a white pair of trousers (80% rayon 20% nylon) black? Dyemore or all purpose? Will they shrink if done in very hot water as suggested with the Dyemore? Thank you
A shopper on Aug 27, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Rit All-Purpose dye works on both rayon and nylon so we'd suggest that since it doesn't require as much heat. Hard to say if/how much it would shrink.
I have a faded black dress that I wanted to dye navy. I used the color remover first, and noticed some lighter areas. I assumed these would be covered with the navy. Nope. My dress came out blotchy. Any suggestions??
A shopper on May 26, 2019
BEST ANSWER: You may have to start again with the color remover. The color remover may not of gotten to all the areas of the fabric evenly the first time. If you have a big enough pot to do the stove top method with the color remover, that may be better because you have more control over the agitation to make sure it's moving around enough to get to all the fabric. You may have to do another round of color remover if it still looks splotchy after that. When you do the dye, again make sure the dress can move in the dye bath easily so you can agitate it and it dyes evenly.

If there's some polyester in the fabric, the other possibility is that there's some areas that have higher amounts of polyester which wouldn't dye evenly. I don't think this would look splotchy though, more like striations or lines.

I hope that helps and good luck!
I have a garment that I have to touch up that is a medium corral color. How can I achieve this with Rit?
A C on Mar 3, 2019
BEST ANSWER: Rit has great color formulas so we'd suggest finding the color you want here: https://www.ritdye.com/color-formulas/
Which shade of purple did you use for this?
A shopper on Jan 21, 2019
Can I use the dye more line on 95% cotton?
A shopper on Oct 26, 2018
BEST ANSWER: Yes, you can.
Can I dye my outdoor cushions made with olefin fabric?
A shopper on Sep 22, 2018
BEST ANSWER: If the fabric can be removed, Rit DyeMore Synthetic Fiber Dye will likely work. See how to use it here: www.onlinefabricstore.net/makersmill/rit-dyemore-synthetic-fiber-dye/