OnlineFabricStore.net - Fabric Glossary

'A' Fabric Terms

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Absorbency:

The capability of a material to absorb moisture.  For example, terrycloth is popular for towels and bath robes because it is a very absorbent fabric. Microfiber fabrics also provide high absorbency.

Acetate:

A synthetic fiber composed of cellulose (made from wood pulp and/or cotton linters) and acetic acid.  The acid is treated by a special process to harden it into fibers.  Acetate fabric is lustrous and crisp.  It is frequently used for linings, but it tends to be easily stained by perspiration.  Acetate material should be sewn in the same way as silk crepe de chine.

Acrylic:

A synthetic fiber known for its softness and hypo-allergenic properties.  Acrylic resists wrinkles and acrylic fabric often used for blankets, because it is soft and machine washable.  This fabric is practical and durable, but it does tend to pill.  It should be sewn in the same way as wool flannel.

Alpaca:

A domesticated small llama prized for its wool. Alpaca fiber is woven into a warm, soft cloth.  It is suitable for jackets, coats, capes, wraps, and ponchos.

Amy Butler Fabrics:

Cotton print fabrics designed by Amy Butler. Butler is known for her fresh innovative cotton prints variously inspired by Art deco, Oriental prints and 1960s’ florals.  These designs are ideal for quilts, pillows, garments, tote bags, and other accessories.  They make delightful dresses for both women and children. Easy to sew and easy to care for, Amy Butler fabrics are prized by expert sewers and quilters and are suitable for beginning sewers. 

Angora:

Fiber from the Angora goat.  Angora is used to make mohair, a fuzzy fabric. It should not be confused with the fur of the Angora rabbit which is also woven into a yarn and used to knit sweaters.

Antique Grain Sacks:

A used cloth sack used to store grain and generally made of burlap.  Variously called burlap sacks and gunny sacks, bags to hold most grains must be tightly woven.  Antique grain sacks may be actual antiques several decades old, but contemporary reproductions of grain sacks are also sometimes called antique grain sacks.  Genuine grain sacks often have advertisements printed on them.   They can be used for decorating with a country or nostalgic theme.

Antique Satin:

A heavy satin generally woven from acetate and rayon; cotton or other synthetic fibers may be included.  Antique satin has a textured appearance, rather than the sheen of bridal satin.  This fabric if frequently used for draperies.

Argyle:

Refers to a diamond-shape pattern woven into a material.  Argyle patterns are most often used in knitted garments such as sweaters.

 
 
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