The zig zag stitch is one of the most common stitches, along with the straight stitch, and it has many uses. It’s perfect for sewing stretch fabrics because it has more give than the straight stitch. It’s generally sturdier than the straight stitch, so it can be used if you want something sewn extra strong. It’s often used as a decorative stitch, as well.
If you don’t have a serger, the zig zag stitch can be used on the raw edge to prevent fraying.
It’s also great for sewing on appliques.
See Sewing Machine Basics for more information on getting started.
You sew the zig zag stitch the same as the straight stitch. The difference is the needle position. It moves from side to side according to the width you set it at.
With the zig zag stitch, you can change both the stitch length and the width, so the possibilities are almost endless.
For just a few examples of different zig zag stitches are shown below.
A standard zig zag stitch (on the left) has a medium width and length. When the stitch length is really small, it’s known as a satin stitch (on the right).
The zig zag stitch is great for stretch fabrics. Find stretch fabrics here.